Auditing

Introduction

The Auditing app is an Enterprise only app and available on the marketplace. It traces user and admin actions. In particular the events:

  • Login and logout events of users

  • File system operations (create / delete / move; including actions on the trash bin and versioning)

  • Sharing operations (user / group sharing, sharing via link, changing permissions, calls to sharing API from clients)

  • Custom Groups events

  • File tagging operations (add / remove tags)

  • File commenting operations (create / update / delete)

  • User management operations (creation / deletion / activation / deactivation of users, group management)

  • User settings changes

  • Impersonation events

  • Enabling / disabling of ownCloud Apps

  • Executions of OCC commands (CLI)

Installation and Enabling

Download the Auditing app from the marketplace and enable it in the ownCloud app settings.

Figure 1 Auditing

Auditing

Configuration

It is advised to redirect messages into a separate file. To do so, add these lines to config.php and adjust the target path accordingly. Note that the target path must be writeable for the web server user:

'log.conditions' => [
	[
		'apps' => ['admin_audit'],
		'logfile' => '/var/www/owncloud/data/admin_audit.log'
	]
]
All messages regardless of log level will be logged there.

To ignore all CLI triggered events (default is to include them), set the following option:

sudo -u www-data php occ config:app:set admin_audit ignore_cli_events --value='yes'

Grouped Logging

With each log message, a number of users are calculated to be the 'audit context'. This is the list of users which are related to the log message. Additionally, each log message includes a list of groups that the users are a member of, to enable filtering / splitting of the log messages at a later date. In cases when users are members of many groups, to reduce the data output, the group list can be filtered by adding the following to your config.php. Change the groups needed accordingly:

'admin_audit.groups' => [
    'group1',
    'group2'
]

When the filter is configured, only the filtered list of groups will be output in auditGroups, else, all groups that the auditUsers are a member of are output.

View and Download Logs

If you have configured a different logfile than the default, you must download it manually.

To download your logfile on your admin page. Click Settings  Admin  Download logfile. The default location for manually downloading the standard ownCloud log is data/owncloud.log.

See Logging Configuration and File Tagging for more information on logging and tagging.

Connect with Splunk Cloud

Install the Universal Forwarder

Connect to the deployment server, change input-prd-your-server-here according your setup:

splunk set deploy-poll input-prd-your-server-here.cloud.splunk.com:8089

Install the Splunk Cloud credentials

splunk install app path/to/splunkclouduf.spl -auth admin:changeme

Monitor the admin_audit.log

To Monitor the ownCloud Splunk audit log, add this to inputs.conf, assuming you use the custom logging path/file from above:

[monitor://var/www/owncloud/data/admin_audit.log]
 disabled = false
 sourcetype = _json
 index = main

Finally, configure the following props.conf to ensure the time field is correctly used and the fields are extracted.

[_json]
 INDEXED_EXTRACTIONS = json
 KV_MODE = json
 TIMESTAMP_FIELDS = [Time]
 category = Structured

Extra Fields

The audit app listens for internal ownCloud events and hooks and produces a rich set of audit entries useful for reporting on usage of your ownCloud server.

Log entries are based upon the internal ownCloud logging system, but utilise extra fields to hold relevant data fields related to the specific event. Each event will contain the following data at a minimum:

Key Type Description

remoteAddr

string

The remote client IP

user

string

The UID of the user performing the action,
or IP x.x.x.x., cron, CLI, unknown

url

string

The process request URI

method

string

The HTTP request method

userAgent

string

The HTTP request user agent

time

string

The time of the event eg: 2018-05-08T08:26:00+00:00

app

string

Always admin_audit

message

string

Sentence explaining the action

action

string

Unique action identifier eg:
file_delete or public_link_created

CLI

boolean

If the action was performed from the CLI

level

integer

The log level of the entry (usually 1 for audit events)

Output

Files

file_create

When a file is created.

Key Type Description

path

string

The full path to the create file

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

fileId

string

The newly created files identifier

file_read

When a file is read.

Key Type Description

path

string

The full path to the file

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

fileId

string

The files identifier

file_update
Key Type Description

path

string

The full path to the updated file

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

fileId

string

The updated files identifier

file_delete
Key Type Description

path

string

The full path to the updated file

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

fileId

string

The updated files identifier

file_copy
Key Type Description

oldPath

string

The full path to the source file

path

string

The full path to the new file

sourceOwner

string

The UID of the owner of the source file

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

sourceFileId

string

The source files identifier

fileId

string

The new files identifier

file_rename
Key Type Description

oldPath

string

The original path file

path

string

The new path file

fileId

string

The files identifier

file_trash_delete
Key Type Description

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

path

string

The full path to the deleted file

file_trash_restore
Key Type Description

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

fileId

string

The restored files identifier

oldPath

string

The original path to the file

newPath

string

The new path to the file

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file

file_version_delete
Key Type Description

path

string

The full path to the version file deleted

trigger

string

The delete trigger reasoning

file_version_restore
Key Type Description

path

string

The full path to the file being restored to the new version

revision

string

The revision of the file restored

Users

user_created
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the created user

user_password_reset
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user

group_member_added
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user

group

string

The GID of the group

user_deleted
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user

group_member_removed
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user

group

string

The GID of the group

user_state_changed
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user

enabled

boolean

If the user is enabled or not

group_created
Key Type Description

group

string

The GID of the group

group_deleted
Key Type Description

group

string

The GID of the group

user_feature_changed
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user

group

string

The GID of the group (or empty string)

feature

string

The feature that was changed

value

string

The new value

Sharing

Sharing events come with a default set of fields

Key Type Description

fileId

string

The file identifier for the item shared

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the shared item

path

string

The path to the shared item

shareId

string

The sharing identifier
(not available for public_link_accessed or when recipient unshares)

file_shared
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

expirationDate

string

The text expiration date in format yyyy-mm-dd

sharePass

boolean

If the share is password protected

permissions

string

The permissions string eg: "READ"

shareType

string

group user or link

shareWith

string

The UID or GID of the share recipient
(not available for public link)

shareOwner

string

The UID of the share owner

shareToken

string

For link shares the unique token, else null

file_unshared
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

shareType

string

group user or link

shareWith

string

The UID or GID of the share recipient

share_permission_update
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

shareType

string

group user or link

shareOwner

string

The UID of the share owner

permissions

string

The new permissions string eg: "READ"

shareWith

string

The UID or GID of the share recipient
(not available for public link)

oldPermissions

string

The old permissions string eg: "READ"

share_name_updated
Key Type Description

oldShareName

string

The previous share name

shareName

string

The updated share name

share_password_updated
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

shareOwner

string

The UID of the share owner

permissions

string

The full permissions string eg: "READ"

shareToken

string

The share token

sharePass

boolean

If the share is password protected

share_expiration_date_updated
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

shareType

string

group, user or link

shareOwner

string

The UID of the owner of the share

permissions

string

The permissions string eg: "READ"

expirationDate

string

The new text expiration date in format yyyy-mm-dd

oldExpirationDate

string

The old text expiration date in format yyyy-mm-dd

share_accepted
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

path

string

The path of the shared item

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the shared item

fileId

string

The file identifier for the item shared

shareId

string

The sharing identifier (not available for public_link_accessed)

shareType

string

group or user

share_declined
Key Type Description

itemType

string

file or folder

path

string

The path of the shared item

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the shared item

fileId

string

The file identifier for the item shared

shareId

string

The sharing identifier (not available for public_link_accessed)

shareType

string

group or user

federated_share_received
Key Type Description

name

string

The path of shared item

targetuser

string

The target user who sent the item

shareType

string

remote

federated_share_accepted
Key Type Description

itemType

string

The path of shared item

targetUser

string

The target user who sent the item

shareType

string

remote

federated_share_declined
Key Type Description

itemType

string

The path of shared item

targetuser

string

The target user who sent the item

shareType

string

remote

Key Type Description

shareToken

string

The share token

success

boolean

If the request was successful tue or false

Key Type Description

shareType

string

link

Key Type Description

token

string

The token used to access the url

federated_share_unshared
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The user who initiated the unshare action

targetmount

string

The file/folder unshared

shareType

string

remote

Custom Groups

custom_group_member_removed
Key Type Description

removedUser

string

The UID of the user that was removed from the group

group

string

The custom group name

custom_group_user_left
Key Type Description

removedUser

string

The UID of the user that left the group

group

string

The custom group name

groupId

integer

The custom group id

custom_group_user_role_changed
Key Type Description

targetUser

string

The UID of the user that changed role

group

string

The custom group name

groupId

integer

The custom group id

roleNumber

integer

The new role number: 0 = member, 1= admin

custom_group_renamed
Key Type Description

oldGroup

string

The old custom group name

group

string

The new custom group name

groupId

integer

The custom group id

custom_group_created
Key Type Description

group

string

The custom group name created

groupId

string

The custom group id

addedUser

string

The UID of the user added

admin

boolean

true or false

Comments

All comment events have the same data:

Key Type Description

commentId

string

The comment identifier

path

string

The path to the file that the comment is attached to

fileId

string

The file identifier

Config

config_set
Key Type Description

settingName

string

The key

settingValue

string

The new value

oldValue

string

The old value

created

boolean

If the setting is created for the first time

config_delete
Key Type Description

settingName

string

The key

Console

command_executed
Key Type Description

command

string

The exact command that was executed

Tags

tag_created
Key Type Description

tagName

string

The tag name

tag_deleted
Key Type Description

tagName

string

The tag name

tag_updated
Key Type Description

oldTag

string

The old tag name

tagName

string

The new tag name

tag_assigned
Key Type Description

tagName

string

The tag name

fileId

string

The file identifier to which the tag was assigned

path

string

The path to the file

tag_unassigned
Key Type Description

tagName

string

The tag name

fileId

string

The file identifier from which the tag was unassigned

path

string

The path to the file

Apps

app_enabled
Key Type Description

targetApp

string

The app ID of the enabled app

groups

string []

Array of group IDs if the app was enabled for certain groups

app_disabled
Key Type Description

targetApp

string

The app ID of the disabled app

Auth

user_login
Key Type Description

success

boolean

If the login was successful

login

string

The attempted login value

user_logout

File Lifecycle

(requires at least v1.0.0)

lifecycle_archived
Key Type Description

path

string

The path to the file that was archived

owner

string

The UID of the owner of the file that was deleted

fileId

integer

The file ID for the file that was archived

lifecycle_restored
Key Type Description

path

string

The path to the file that was restored

fileId

integer

The number of days interval specified during expiration

lifecycle_expired
Key Type Description

fileId

integer

The file id of the file that was expired

update_user_preference_value
Key Type Description

key

string

The key

value

string

The value associated with the key

appname

string

The name of the app

user

string

The UID of the user who has the preference key-value for the app

user_preference_set
Key Type Description

key

string

The key

value

string

The value associated with the key

appname

string

The name of the app

user

string

The UID of the user who has the preference key-value for the app

remove_user_preference_key
Key Type Description

key

string

The key

appname

string

The name of the app

user

string

The UID of the user whose preference key is deleted for the app

remove_preferences_of_user
Key Type Description

user

string

The UID of the user, whose all user preferences are deleted

delete_all_user_preference_of_app
Key Type Description

appname

string

The name of the app whose all user preferences are deleted

Impersonate

impersonated
Key Type Description

user

string

The current user who did an impersonate action

targetUser

string

The user who is being impersonated

impersonate_logout
Key Type Description

user

string

The user who performed impersonate action

SMB ACL

before_set_acl
Key Type Description

user

string

The user who is trying to set the ACL

ocPath

string

The owncloud instance path

smbPath

string

The SMB path

descriptor

array

The descriptor array. It contains to following keys:

descriptor[] keys
Key Type Description

revision

integer

Always 1

owner

string

The SMB owner

group

string

The SMB group

acl

array

A list of ACEs. The list could be empty. Each ACE contains following keys:

acl[] keys
Key Type Description

trustee

string

The SMB user affected by this ACE

mode

string

allowed or denied

flags

string

Inheritance flags

mask

string

Permission mask

flagsAsInt

integer

The inheritance flags as integer value

maskAsInt

integer

The permission mask as integer value

after_set_acl
Key Type Description

user

string

The user who is trying to set the ACL

ocPath

string

The owncloud instance path

smbPath

string

The SMB path

descriptor

array

The descriptor array. It contains to following keys:

descriptor[] keys
Key Type Description

revision

integer

Always 1

owner

string

The SMB owner

group

string

The SMB group

acl

array

A list of ACEs. The list could be empty. Each ACE contains following keys:

acl[] keys
Key Type Description

trustee

string

The SMB user affected by this ACE

mode

string

allowed or denied

flags

string

Inheritance flags

mask

string

Permission mask

flagsAsInt

integer

The inheritance flags as integer value

maskAsInt

integer

The permission mask as integer value

Key Type Description

oldDescriptor

array|false

The previous descriptor array or false if the previous descriptor couldn’t be fetched. The previous descriptor will have the same keys